Search This Blog

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Qumran Isaiah Scroll Translation

Qumran Isaiah Scroll Translation

Column I Isaiah Chapter 1:1-26

1. (1) The vision of Isaiah, {&yod&} son of Amots which he envisioned about Judah and Jerusalem {&yod&} in the days {&waw&} of Uzziah,
2. Yotham, Achaz, {&Ye&}hizkiah kings of Judah (2) Hear O heavens and give ear O earth
3. because YHWH declares: I have raised and matured sons and they have transgressed against me. (3) The ox knows his purchaser
4. and the ass the feeding trough of his owner. Israel does not know and my people do not consider. (4) Woe sinning nation!
5. a people burdened with faults, a seed of evil ones, perverted sons, they have abandoned YHWH, they have spurned
6. the Holy One of Israel, they are estranged backward. (5) Why are you yet being struck, you add rebellion, the whole head is sick
7. every heart is faint. (6) From the sole of the foot even to the head, there is no soundness in it but wounds and bruises and new sores
8. they are not closed up nor bandaged, nor softened with oil. (7) Your land is desolate, your cities burned
9. with fire, your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and his desolation is upon her, as the overthrowing of strangers.
10. (8) and the daughter of Zion is left behind as a shed in a vineyard, and like a hut in a cucumber field, like a Nazarene city. (9) Unless YHWH
11. of Hosts had caused a very small remnant of us to remain we would be like Sodom, we would resemble Gomorrah.. (PP)
12. (10) Hear the word of YHWH princes of Sodom and give ear to the Torah of our God people of Gomorrah. (11) What are they to me,
13. your multiplied sacrifices, says YHWH, I am sated with holocausts of rams and the fat of fatlings, and in the blood
14. of bulls and lambs and goats I have no delight. (12) When you come to see my face to make this request
15. from your hands treading my courtyard. (13) Do not continue to bring empty gifts, Incense is an abomination
16. to me, new moon and sabbaths, calling of reading meetings, I am not able to endure even the sacred assembly. (14) Your new moons and seasonal feasts
17. my soul hates, they are a burden to me, I am tired of bearing them. (15) And when you spread your hands I will hide my eyes
18. from you, also when you multiply prayer I will not listen, your hands are full of blood. [+and your fingers+] [Aramaic]
19. [+of iniquity+] (16) Wash and make yourselves clean and turn away the evil of your habitual practices from before my eyes, stop doing evil. (17) Learn
20. to do well, pursue judgement, bless the oppressed, judge the orphan, contend for the widow. (PP)

21. Please come and let us reason together says YHWH, if your sins are like scarlet they shall be white as snow
22. if they be as red as crimson they shall be as wool. (19) If you are obedient and you give heed then of the good of the Land [{you shall eat.}]
23. (20) But if you refuse and you rebel you will be devoured by the sword because the mouth of YHWH has said it.
24. (21) How is the faithful city become like a harlot, it was full of justice, righteousness lodged [{in her and now}]
25. murderers. (22) Your silver is like dross and your liquor is diluted with water. (23) Your princes [{are rebels}]
26. and friends of thieves, all of them love a bribe, and are pursuing graft, the fatherless you do [{not judge and contending for the}]
27. widow does not come to them. (24) Therefore says the lord, YHWH of hosts [{the Mighty One of Israel}]
28. It will be I will be comforted about my foes and I will be avenged on my enemies. (25) And my hand will be turned upon you and I [{will purge with lye}]
29. your dross and I will remove all of your tin. (26) And I will restore your judges as at the first and [{your advisors }]

Column II Isaiah 1:26 to 2:21

1. (1:26 cont.) as at the beginning. Afterward you shall be called the Righteous City, the Faithful City. (27) Zion with judgement
2. shall be redeemed and her repenters with justice. (28) And the transgressors and sinners shall be broken together and those who abandon
3. YHWH shall be terminated. (29) Because you shall be ashamed of the oak idols which you have longed for and you will be confused by the gardens
4. which you have chosen. (30) because you shall become like a fading oak leaf on it and like a garden which has no water.
5. (31) And the strong [+your+] shall be like lint and the fashioner [+your+] of it like a spark and both of them shall burn together
6. and no one shall extinguish them. (PP)

7. (Chapter 2:1) The word which Isaiah the son of Amots envisioned about Judah and Jerusalem. (2) And it shall be
8. in the last days that the mountain of the house of YHWH shall be established in the top of the mountains and shall be lifted up
9. above the hills and all nations shall flow into it. (3) And many people shall come and shall say
10. Come, let us go up [.....] to the house of the God of Jacob and He will instruct us in his ways and we will walk in his paths,
11. because the Torah shall go out from Zion, the word of YHWH from Jerusalem (4) and He will judge among the nations
12. and he will cause rebuke [+among+] many peoples and they shall beat [+eth+] their swords to plows and their spears to
13. scythes, and nation shall not lift up sword against nation, and they will not learn war anymore.
14 (5) O come house of Jacob and we will walk in the light of YHWH (6) Because you have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob
15. because they are filled with eastern ways and conjure like the Philistines and they applaud the children of strangers.
16. (7) Their land is full of silver and gold and there is no end to their wealth, also their land is full of horses
17. and there is no end to their chariots. (8) And their land is full of idols, the work of their hands, they worship that which
18. their own fingers have made (9) and humanity bows down and abased [...Q omits the last 3 words of vs 9 and all of vs 10...] (11) The haughty eyes of man
19. shall [+be made to+] fall down and the highness of men shall be abased and YHWH only shall be exalted in that day
[*] 20. (12) Because the day of YHWH of Hosts shall be on all the proud and mighty and exalted and they shall be brought down (13) And on all the cedars
21. of Lebanon, the mighty and the exalted and on all the oaks of Bashan. (14) and on all the mountains of
22. [{ mighti}]ness and on all the exalted hills. (15) and upon every strong tower and upon
23. [{every walled f}]ortress (16) and on all the ships of Tarshish and on every desirable craft. (17) And shall be brought low
24. [{the haughtiness of}] man and the highness of men shall be brought down and YHWH only shall be exalted in that day.
25. (18) [{And the ido}]ls shall be completely abolished. (19) and they shall go into rock caves and into caverns of dust from the presence of
26. [{the fear of YH]}WH and from His glorious majesty when He arises to terrify the earth.(PP)

27. (20) [{In that day}] shall humanity cast away the idols of silver and the idols of gold which
28. [{they made for themselves}] [with their fingers] to worship to the moles and to the bats. (21) to go into the crevices
29. [{of the rocks and into the high}] parts of the crags from the presence of the fear of YHWH and from the glory of his majesty.

Column III Isaiah 2:21 to 3:24

1. (2:21 cont.) when he arises to terrify the earth. (22) Stop depending on humanity whose life
2. is in his nostrils because of what account is he? (PP)

3. (chapter 3:1) Because behold the Lord YHWH is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah
4. the stay and the staff, the complete stay of bread and the complete stay of water (2) the mighty man and the man
5. of war, the judge, the prophet, the sophist, and the elder, (3) the captain of 50, the exhorter,
6. the wise craftsman, and enchanting speaker. (4) And I will give youths for their leaders [+..+]
7. and capricious children shall rule over them. (5) And the people shall be oppressed by each other and each man by his neighbor.
8. And the youth shall act arrogantly against the elder, and the lowly against the honorable, (6) Then a man will grasp his brother
9. of the house of his father, and say you have clothes, you shall be our ruler and this overthrow
10. shall be under your hand. (7) [+And+] he will raise up in that day and say I will not be governor
11. for in my house there is no bread and there are no clothes, do not make me a ruler of the people. (8) because overthrown
12. is Jerusalem and Judah is fallen. Because their tongue and their habits are against YHWH to embitter
13. the eyes of his glory. (9) The appearance of their faces witness against them and they tell their sins like Sodom.
14. They do not conceal it. Woe to their souls because they have repaid evil to themselves. (10) Say to the righteous
15. that it will be well because they will eat of the fruit of their habits. (11) Woe to the evil wicked because
16. he returns to himself the recompense of his own hands. (12) Foolish children are the oppressors of my people and women rule over them , O my people
17. your leaders lead you astray and [{they swallow up}] the ways of your paths. (PP)

18. (13) YHWH stands up to contend , He stands to judge the people. (14) YHWH goes into judgement with
19. the elders of his people and his princes for you have consumed the vineyard and the loot of the poor is in {&your&} houses.
20. (15) What is it to you that you beat my people and you crush the faces of the poor says the {&Lord&} YHWH
21. of Hosts. (PP)

22. (16) And YHWH said: Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, walking with outstretched
23. necks and wanton eyes, walking delicately as they walk and with their feet they
24. rattle bangles. (17) And the [..Lord..] {&YHWH&}will strike with a scab the scalp of the daughters of Zion and the Lord their secret parts
25. will lay bare. (18) In that day [..YHWH..] {&adonay&} will turn aside the beauty of their bangles and tiaras {&mem&}
26. and the woven hair pieces and the turbans (19) [and] the pendants and the bracelets and the veils.
27. (20) [and] the bonnets and the anklets and [..the..] sashes and the perfumes and the charms.
28. [+and+] the rings and the nose jewels, (22) [+and+] the stately robes and the coats [m...mitpachoth...] and the purses
29. (23) and the mirrors and the linen shifts and the diadems and the mantillas. (24) and it shall be.

Column IV Isaiah 3:24 to 5:14

1. (Chapter 3:24 cont.) a stink there instead of spice and instead of a girdle a rope and instead of well set hair
2. baldness and instead of a sash a girding of sack cloth, because [...burning...] instead of beauty there is shame (25) Your males shall fall by the sword
3. and your mighty men {&oth&} in war. (26) And her portals shall lament and mourn and being cut off she shall sit on the ground. (PP)

4. (Chapter 4:1) And seven women shall seize one man in that day saying we will eat our own bread and our own garments
5. we will wear, only let your name be called upon us to take away our reproach. (2) In that day shall the branch of YHWH
6. be as beauty and as glory and the fruit of the earth as majesty and pride for the escaped of Israel. [and Judah].
7. (3) And it shall be that the remnant in Zion and those remaining in Jerusalem shall be called holy; all the ones written
8. among the living in Jerusalem. ( 4) When the Lord has washed the excrement of the daughters of Zion and the blood of
9. Jerusalem he has cleansed from her midst by the spirit of judgement and the spirit of burning. (5) And YHWH will create upon
10. every establishment of Mount Zion and upon her congregations a daily cloud [....omission of 14 words in vss 5 and 6...] from the heat for a refuge
11. from storm and from rain. (PP)

12. (Chapter 5:1) Now let me sing a song to my beloved of his vineyard. My beloved had a vineyard in a fruitful hill, (literally "in a horn of oil.")
13. (2) And he fenced it and cast out the stones and he planted choice grapes and he built a tower in the midst of it and also laid out a winepress
14. in it. and he hoped it would make grapes and it made worthless grapes. (3) And now you dwellers in Jerusalem
15. and men of Judah judge you between me and my vineyard. (4) What more is to be done for my vineyard that I have not
16. done to it. Why when I hoped to produce grapes did there come up wild grapes? (5) And now let me tell
17. you what I am going to do to my vineyard. I will remove its fence and it shall be for burning and dividing up its wall
18. and it shall be for treading down. (6) And I will appoint it a waste and it shall not be trimmed nor cultivated and briers and thorns shall come up
19. and to the clouds I will command them from raining rain upon it.(7) Because the vineyard of YHWH of Hosts is the house of Israel
20. and the men of Judah are his delightful plant. When He hoped for judgement He beheld spilling of blood and for righteousness He beheld
21. a cry. (PP).

22 (8) Woe to those joining house to house and field to field. They accumulate them until there is no place and they [+exalt+] themselves
23. in the midst of the land. (9) YHWH of Hosts said in my ears, Surely many houses shall be desolate
24. Great and fine shall be without inhabitant. (10) Because ten acres of vineyard shall produce one bath 9 gallons
25. [{and the seed of an homer will m]}ake an ephah (PP)

26. (11) [{Woe to those rising early in]} the morning that they may pursue strong drink, lingering till the spirit of wine lights them up. (12) And there are
27. [{the harp and the viol and the tambourine and w]}ine are in their feasts but the labors of YHWH they do not consider nor the works
28. [{of His hands do they see. (13) Therefore they are taken captive}] my people, because of lack of knowledge and the glory of their males is starvation and their masses
29. [{are dried up with thirst. (14) Therefore}] Sheol has widened her soul and gaped her mouth without limit and they go down

No comments:

Walrus Archive